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Accommodations

Accommodations are ways to lessen the effects of barriers. They can include changes or adjustments to an environment to make it easier for a person with a disability to have the same opportunities. In school accommodations can help you demonstrate what you have learned. In the workplace accommodations can help you work as independently and efficiently as possible. In the community accommodations can help you live comfortably in your home and community. Sometimes accommodations are changes to equipment or materials to make them easier to use. The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) provides guidance on workplace accommodations and disability employment issues. Visit https://askjan.org to learn more.

The following are examples of accommodations or modifications for school, the workplace, and independent living:

ACCOMMODATIONS IN COLLEGE OR OTHER TRAINING PROGRAM
Computer Access
  • Alternative mouse device
  • Alternative keyboard
  • Text-to-speech application
  • Speech recognition software
Lecture
  • Sign language interpreter
  • Note taking assistant
  • Digital recorder
  • FM listening device
  • Computer for taking notes
  • Real-time captioning
Personal Organization
  • Talking watch
  • Print or picture schedule
  • Voice output reminders for tasks and assignments
Studying/Learning
  • Personal data assistants
  • Graphic organizer software
  • Digital recorder
  • Software for organization of ideas
  • Computer files provided by professor
Test-taking
  • Extended time
  • Low-distraction testing environment
  • Repeating directions
  • Oral testing
  • Use of computer in class
Math
  • Talking calculator
  • Accessible math software
  • Calculation chart
  • Graph paper
  • Visual graphing software
Reading
  • Audio book
  • Large-print, Braille material or computer
Braille display
  • Text-to-speech applications
  • Scan-and-read software and pen
  • Screen magnifier
Writing
  • Computer or portable word processor
  • Electronic spell checker and dictionary
  • Speech recognition software
  • Slant Board
  • Scribe
ACCOMMODATIONS IN THE WORKPLACE
Work Site Modification
  • Wall partitions around workstation to minimize distractions
  • Adjustable desks and seating
  • Ramps, lifts
  • Mobile arm supports and wrist rests
  • Monitor risers
  • Glare guards
  • Modification of worksite temperatures
  • Anti-fatigue mats
Assistive Devices
  • Adapted computer set-up
  • Amplified phone or text telephone
  • Augmentative communication device
  • Electronic alarms and reminders
  • Vibrating pager
  • Assistive software, such as voice recognition and word prediction
Flexible Job Schedules
  • Flexible work hours and flexible use of leave time
  • Part-time hours
  • More frequent breaks
  • Telecommuting or working from home
Human Assistance
  • Readers
  • Scribes
  • Interpreters
  • Job coach or mentor
ACCOMMODATIONS FOR INDEPENDENT LIVING:
Home Living
  • Accessible control devices for TV, telephone, computer, lights, and other electronic appliances
  • Remote paging system to call for assistance
  • Home computer with adapted set-up
  • Adapted self-care aids, such as a shower chair or dressing stick
  • Accessible home design, such as wider doorways, railings, and ramps
  • Emergency alert devices in bathroom and bedroom
  • Personal attendant services
Recreation & Leisure
  • Accessible arts programs
  • Adapted clothing for indoor and outdoor activities
  • Assistive listening and audio description systems in theaters
  • Motorized shopping carts
  • Adapted recreation activities and classes
  • Accessible game controllers and TV remotes
  • Adapted camping gear Transportation & Travel
  • Wheelchair accessible buses, vans, and taxis
  • Vehicles with adapted driver controls, such as hand controls or pedal extenders
  • Accessible parking
  • Global positioning systems (GPS)
Source: Family Information Guide to Assistive Technology and Transition Planning. The Family Center on Technology and Disability

JAN's Searchable Online Accommodation Resource (SOAR) system is designed to let users explore various accommodation options for people with disabilities in work and educational settings.