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Job Preparation

Different careers need different amounts of preparation. Each career is in one of five Job Zones, which are groups of careers that need the same level of experience, education, and training.

  1. Little or no preparation needed
  2. Some preparation needed
  3. Medium preparation needed
  4. High preparation needed
  5. Extensive preparation needed

 

Job Zone 1: Little or No Preparation Needed

 

Experience

Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these careers. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.

Training

Employees in these careers need from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker can show you how to do the job.

Education

Some of these careers may need a high school diploma or GED certificate.

 

Job Zone 2: Some Preparation Needed

 

Experience

Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, it would help a teller to have experience working with the public.

Training

Employees in these careers need from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. An apprenticeship program may be available for these careers.

Education

These careers usually need a high school diploma.

 

Job Zone 3: Medium Preparation Needed

 

Experience

Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these careers. For example, an electrician must be in an apprenticeship for three to four years or have several years of job training. You may need to pass a test to get a license to do the job.

Training

Employees in these careers need one or two years of training. Both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers may be needed. An apprenticeship program may be a good choice for these careers.

Education

Most of these careers need vocational school training, on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

 

Job Zone 4: High Preparation Needed

 

Experience

Long term work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these careers. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work several years in the field to be qualified for the job.

Training

Employees in these careers need several years of work-related experience and training. Both on-the-job and classroom job training may be needed.

Education

Most of these careers need a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

 

Job Zone 5: Extensive Preparation Needed

 

Experience

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these careers. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

Training

Employees may need some on-the-job training. However, the person will usually have the needed skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and training before starting the job.

Education

Most of these careers need a graduate school education. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

 

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